Institute for Renewable Energy since 2001 realized, among others, the following projects:
- SDHp2m - Advanced strategies and measures to support the market for the launch of investments in solar heating
- The business model of investment in renewable energy sources – Development of business models for independent producers and autoproducers - investments in the first commercial renewable energy projects
- EurObserv'ER - EurObserv'ER barometer 2006-2015
- Monitoring of the RES Act - Monitoring the progress of implementation of the Law on Renewable Energy Sources
- The hybrid RES - Designing a hybrid system (combining different RES technologies: photovoltaic systems, heat pumps etc.) supplying the gas station
- The National Development Plan for Heating from Renewable Sources by 2030 - National Development Plan for domestic installations to generate heating from renewable energy sources by 2030
- Analysis - co - performance analysis estimating in a quantitative and narrative way the role of co-combustion technology in the new statutory regime
- Analysis - FIT for RES micro-installations - Implementation of cost analysis for micro-installations, which will receive support under the provisions of art. 41 of the Law on renewable energy sources
- Analysis - RES development in Poland - Performing an economic analysis of necessary support system for the development of microenergy market based on renewable energy sources in Poland
- Study Tour - Study trip to Germany for the employees from Agricultural Advisory Centres
- Installation of renewable energy systems for private houses and public buildings in the Municipality Długosiodło - Preparation of functional program, the terms of ordering and supervision
- Heating systems - Prospects for the development of the market for the heating sector in Poland
- Study Tour - Study trip to Germany for farmers and government
- Biomethane in Poland - Implementation of studies entitled "Aspects of economic, social and environmental future-oriented use of biomethane for transport purposes in Poland"
- RES Act - Expert analysis of the effects of the government's draft law on renewable energy sources, together with the proposed support system
- Prosumers in Poland - Analysis of the real benefits of the proposed government support mechanisms for prosumers according to the government's draft law on renewable energy sources
- Support for prosumers in Poland - Performance analysis of the real benefits arising from the proposed government support mechanisms for prosumers
- Guide – Development of a guide for users of solar collectors, implemented under the project entitled "The installation of renewable energy systems on public buildings and private homes in the municipalities belonging to the Association of Municipalities Wisłoka Basin"
- The farmer with energy - Implementation of simplified technical and economic analyzes and summary of the results for the 6 types of micro-installations, preparation of the guide for investors on issues related to the investment projects, focusing on the determinants of legal, administrative and financial investments, a presentation on the topic "Problems of access to energy and quality of energy services in rural areas and the chance to increase the energy security of households", the development of four mini reports
- The National Development Plan for RES microinstallations by 2030 - roadmap of the energy sector for prosumers and citizens, based on the use of micro and small RES installations for the production of electricity and heat in residential, industrial and agricultural sectors (the so-called distributed generation)
- Feasibility study of market analysis - Analysis of the wind energy market in the context of new regulations
- "Biogas plant-thought-out choice" - project funded by the National Fund within which we have prepared the content of substantive training multimedia presentation, expert texts for brochures for the citizens and brochures for local governments, the development of content of 50 e-learning lessons in the context of e-learning course implemented on the moodle platform and the preparation and adaptation of a set of data showing the state of agricultural biogas plants in Poland
- Feasibility study of installing photovoltaic panels - Feasibility study for the installation of photovoltaic panels with a total capacity of 1,085 MW target on the roofs of 21 energy facilities. For the purpose of study there were carried out site inspections of facilities and taking into account the obstacles for the installation there was proposed the capacity. The study consisted of detailed cost estimates, estimated expenditures of investment, economic calculations. The study was performed in accordance with the guidelines of the JESSICA program.
- Biogas - preparing analysis entitled "Assessment of substantive documentation for feasibility studies and environmental impact assessments of projects of biogas plants"
- Natural gas and renewable energy sources - Analysis of the use of renewable energy sources in the natural gas transmission system
- Promotion of the production and distribution of renewable energy sources - Preparation of the study entitled The evaluation of the condition of ex-ante No. 4.3 in terms of investment priority "Promotion of the production and distribution of renewable energy sources" for the European Regional Development Fund and the Cohesion Fund, as defined in Annex V of the general regulation, the EP and the Council for the European Structural Funds and Investment for 2014 -2020, in connection with the adoption of the Act of 26th of July 2013, amending the Act - energy law and certain other acts (Journal of laws of 2013, pos. 984 of 27 August 2013).
- Support for renewable energy technologies in Poland - analysis for the determination of the necessary level of support for individual RES technologies in the context of the implementation of the National Action Plan for energy from renewable sources at the Ministry of Economy
- Energy revolution for Poland - Scenario of supplying Poland with clean energy carriers in the long term
- Meteorological models for the RES market - Implementation of the analysis entitled "Areas of application and the possibility of commercialization of the results of meteorological models on the market of energy from renewable sources"
- Offshore wind energy - The role of offshore wind energy in the initial stage of implementation by Poland the obligation of producing electricity from renewable energy by 2020. and later (2035)
- Co-firing of biomass with coal - Preparation and development of economic impact assessment of maintenance support for the co-combustion technology of coal with biomass
- Certificates of origin - Analysis of the situation on the Property Rights Market for certificates of origin of energy from renewable sources to TGE
- SDHplus - Solar heating systems in Europe
- OZERISE - Renewable Energy Farms and Intelligent Networks
- Repowermap - A European map for Promoting renewable energies and energy efficiency
- UrbanSolPlus - The use of solar energy in urban development subject to the renovation and historic buildings
- BupS Poland - Polish National Building Workforce Training and Qualification Initiative in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy
- European Solar Days - Campaign to promote solar systems in Europe
- Analysis of the possibility of introducing a system of feed-in tariffs for micro and small RES installations - Expertise for the Ministry of Economy with the proposal of tariff rates to the law on renewable energy sources. On the basis of actual capital expenditures and operating expenses have been counted the cost of electricity production from each of the sources of renewable energy (LCOE - levelized cost of electricity).
- The forecast of energy prices - Long-term forecast of electricity prices in Poland and price scenario of support system for renewable energy
- Wind Power - Implementation of development "Renewable energy as a lever for socio-economic development of the regions by 2020. Why and how we should plan the development of wind energy in the regions".
- OffshoreGrid - The framework of network development and market energy for power at sea: assessment of technical and economic variety of design options
- The development of offshore wind energy and nuclear energy - Development of a comparative study case for Pomerania on the economic aspects of the development of offshore wind energy and nuclear energy
- Wind power and biomass - "The potential of wind energy and biomass in the Lower Silesia by 2020"
- Job places in terms of the development of offshore wind energy and nuclear energy - "Analysis of the job places in terms of the development of offshore wind energy and nuclear energy. A comparative study of the case for Pomerania."
- Analysis of the operation of a wind turbine - Development of an annual analysis of the number of hours of work net of the wind turbine
- Certificates of origin - "Analysis of the effects of oversupplying with certificates of origin for the renewable energy sector"
- Micro-biogas plants in Poland - "Analysis of the introduction of the criteria and the necessary support mechanisms for the development of micro-biogas plants in Poland"
- Determination of the energy potential of Polish regions in terms of renewable energy sources - applications for the Regional Operational Programs for the programming period 2014-2020 - "The research and analysis were to determine in the comparative way the energy potential of the 16 provinces in the field of renewable energy sources. The analysis covered, among others, natural conditions (size and diversification of renewable energy resources) and infrastructure, possible directions of RES development at the regional level in Poland by 2020. The aim of the study was to identify the types of renewable energy sources and types of projects, which have the greatest need to be taken into account in the future as investments in energy co-financed by the EU funds and using previous experience, formulating preliminary recommendations for the creation of the Regional Operational Programs for the next programming period".
- Prospects for the development of selected sectors of renewable energy in Poland 2011 - The aim was to identify investment opportunities in companies from the renewable energy sources. The focus was on the most promising technologies for Poland: wind energy (with a separate segment of small wind turbines), solar thermal energy, agricultural biogas, solid biofuels and small geothermal installations. Each of them was characterized by taking into account the characteristics of the market, the current market situation, trends of development and international exchange.
- Development of "Analysis of the European manufacturers of equipment for thermochemical conversion of solid biofuels"
- SUSPLAN - Development of long-term regional and pan-European guidelines for the most effective integration of renewable energy infrastructure.
- Clean energy, clean Mazovia - investments in renewable energy - a feasibility study for the proposal for the project from the European Development Fund under the Regional Operational Program of the Mazowieckie Voivodeship, Priority IV. Environmental risk prevention and energy; Measure 4.3 Protection of air
- Biogas plants - "A guide for investors interested in building biogas plants including, among others, standard projects of biogas plants"
- Production of devices for renewable energy sources in Poland - "Analysis of the development of the production of equipment for renewable energy in Poland for domestic market and export" implemented in the framework of the task "Stimulating the development of industries producing equipment for renewable energy"
- Befriend with the energy friendly environment - Gathering and developing databases for 16 regions and preparation of final consolidated report to the situation of the energy in provinces
- Wind turbines in the sea - Consultation and analysis related to the principles of location of wind turbines, including the location of wind turbines at sea.
- The market of solar collectors in Poland - Development of a report on the solar thermal market “The current state of development of solar thermal energy in Poland and investment opportunities"
- Market of household wind installations in Poland - Development of a report on the market for small wind turbines "Domestic Wind Power Plants. Small wind power systems (3kW-15kW installed capacity)"
- Market of biomass boilers in Poland - Development of a report on the market for biomass boilers "The current state of market development of biomass boilers in Poland and the investment opportunities in the field of 10-1000 kW"
- Offshore wind energy - "Economic and social aspects of the development of offshore wind energy in Poland"
- MADEGASCAR - Market development of vehicles powered by gas, supply and distribution network of natural gas and biogas
- "Performance analysis of substantive, technical and economic viability of the project to purchase biogas plant with a capacity of 1 MW in Orchówek (Wlodawa)" - Feasibility study of a biogas plant with a capacity of 1 MWe. It contains a detailed technical, technological and economic analysis
- FIRE - Facilitating Innovation in Renewable Energies
- EU-AGRO-BIOGAS - A European initiative of R&D institutions to increase the efficiency of biogas
- POW'WOW - Prediction of waves, wakes and offshore wind
- Create Acceptance - Cultural influence on renewable energy acceptance and tools for the development of communication strategies to promote acceptance among key actors groups
- Active Learning - Integration of active learning and energy monitoring with school curricula
- BETTER - Biofuel chain enhancement for territorial development of European Regions
- SOLCAMP - Solar energy for camping sites
- Flame SOFC - Fuel flexible, air-regulated, modular, electrically integrated SOFC
- T (at) W- Sustainable energy technologies at work on the market generated by the EU emission trade scheme and the linked CDM and JI market
- Refuel - Renewable fuels for a sustainable Europe
- Market Report - a report on the renewable energy market in Poland
- RESCUE - Action plan for stimulating research and innovation in SMEs from CEECs in the renewable energy field
- OBSERV'ER 2 - Renewable energy sources in the EU and the CEEC
- JRC - Bioenergy: Methodological improvement of statistical data collection regarding to biomass availability and use in the EU New Member States
- PAE - Creation of Sub-Carpathian Energy Agency in Podkarpackie Voivodeship
- ManagEnergy - Organisation of the second European Conference of Municipal Specialists in Energy
- EUBIONET II - Efficient trading of biomass fuels and analysis of fuel supply chains and business models for market actors by networking
- ProBio - Production of biogas and fertilisers out of wood and straw
- EREC - Promotion and market stimulation of RES in the European Union and Candidate Countries
- INVERT - Investing in RES & RUE technologies: Models for saving public money
- VIEWLS - Conference Clear views for clean fuels, Warsaw, 18 Oct 2004
- SusCom - Sustainable Energy Communities and Sustainable Development
- SIWERM - Successful Implementation of Wind Energy at Regional and Municipal Level
- RESPEED - Promotion of the European experience of renewable energy sources, development and climate change commitments in the new member states and the Candidate Countries: A high-level approach
- OBSERV'ER - EurObserv'ER - renewable energy barometer
- BS KWI - Podhale Geothermal District Heating and Environmental Project - Monitoring of CO2 Abatement, Poland
- NIRAS - Maturing biogas/biomass CHP project on POLDANOR SA and Koczała Commune, feasibility study
- EU BIOTECH - Accompanying measure to Encourage biomass uptake and assist technology transfer of EU Biomass/Waste utilization technologies to China and Central and Eastern Europe
- PROMISE - Procurement in Municipalities for Integrative Solutions on Energy
- TDA SUWAŁKI - Investment in Wind Farm project in Suwalki County, Poland
- PLIG - Renewable Energy Sources for Communities of North-Eastern Poland
- Hedeman - Conference on Renewable Energy Technologies at POLEKO International Trade Fair in Poznan, Poland
The photovoltaic boom in Poland continues
IEO has successfully realised ninth edition of annual report PV Market Report in Poland 2021. Whole report is available in our online shop in English. Check out
The photovoltaic market in Poland is going through a development boom. In the last five years, at the end of 2020, Poland was in the first place in the European Union in terms of the growth rate of photovoltaic power, calculated on the basis of the cumulative annual growth rate - CAGR For Poland, the cumulative (combined) growth rate in 2016-2020 was 114 %, with the EU average of 10.3%. Therefore, in the medium term, we are the European leader in terms of the PV market growth dynamics and in 2020 we approached the world's top 10 countries in terms of power growth (13th place). Successive, better and better international forecasts confirm the strength, potential and growing position of the Polish photovoltaic market.
Figure 1 Cumulative installed PV power in Poland, as at the end of Q1 2020, data: ERO, OSD, comp. by IEO.
The installed power is gradually increasing, and the growth rate has been extremely high for two years. 2020 was the best year in the history of photovoltaics development in Poland. The installed power in photovoltaics at the end of 2020 amounted to 3,936 MW, which means an increase by 2,463 MW year on year and translates into a 200% increase year on year. Individual prosumers made the greatest contribution to the increase in new power. Thus, according to Solar Power Europe, in 2020 Poland was in 4th place in terms of increasing the installed PV power in the European Union. Only Germany, the Netherlands and Spain overtook us. According to the forecasts of IEO Poland, in 2021, once again in a row, it will maintain a high rate of power increase and the 4th place in the EU. The IEO estimates that at the end of 2021, the installed PV power in Poland may exceed 6 GW. Forecasts also indicate that the total turnover on the photovoltaic market in 2021 will exceed PLN 9 billion.
Capacity forecast, leading market segments, growth limits
Figure 2 Forecast of the installed power in PV [MW] until 2025, compiled by IEO
According to the IEO forecast, there are no indications for a slowdown in the photovoltaic market in the medium term. PV farm projects prepared for RES auctions, including large-scale ones, will have the main share in the increase in power in the coming years. Even if the pace of development of micro-installations slows down temporarily, the photovoltaics as a whole will not feel this fact in the next few years. It is a flexible, scalable technology, operating in several segments and many market niches. In addition, this year the role of business prosumers will also clearly increase, whose IEO forecasts growth at least 200 MW, and this trend will intensify in the coming years. According to the IEO forecast, the installed power in photovoltaics in 2022 will double its value at the end of 2020 and at the end of 2025 it may reach even 15 GW.
In 2021, photovoltaics may encounter the first regulatory restrictions and related to the limited availability of new projects, both prosumer and farm projects, to the grid infrastructure. Although they do not yet constitute hard barriers limiting further growth, the restriction of access to the Internet may inhibit new investments, even when regulations, the market and the social atmosphere are favourable
RES auctions as the basis for the development of the photovoltaic market
Figure 3 List of auction volumes for wind and photovoltaic projects over the years, compiled by IEO
After 5 years from the announcement of the first auctions, the auction system has become the most important instrument to support the photovoltaic market in Poland. In 2020, the RES auction basket for solar and wind technology with a power of less than 1 MW was once again dominated by solar energy. In 2019, the auction for projects above 1 MW was won by only 3 solar farm projects, but it was a harbinger of increasing competition of photovoltaic technology in this basket. In the renewable energy auction in 2020, photovoltaic installations shared the available volume almost half with wind farms. The distribution of auction prices for the large basket of winning bids shows that large solar and wind projects offered prices at a similar level. This confirms the thesis about the similarity of these markets and the fact that these technologies can already fully compete with each other and one can expect increasing auction volumes for large-scale PV projects.
The market of solar farms up to 1 MW is developing the most dynamically thanks to the auction system. Very strong competition in the "small" auction basket results from the large supply of these projects on the Polish market. According to IEO data, the conditions for connection to the distribution and transmission network are over 5,000. PV projects up to 1 MW with a total connection power of 4.7 GW.
Figure 4 Connection power of projects in individual power ranges, comp. by IEO, based on the database of Photovoltaic Projects in Poland
Currently, in the photovoltaic market, projects of large-scale PV farm (above 1 MW) are already balancing, in terms of connection power, small photovoltaic projects (up to 1 MW). According to IEO database, at the end of March 2021, 610 large solar farm projects with a total power of 5.6 GW had the conditions for connection to the grid. Large PV projects have attracted investors attention for about 3 years. In 2020, 2.8 GW of PV projects obtained the conditions for connection to the grid, and only in the first quarter of 2021 this decision was granted to 1.8 GW of PV projects.
The graph above shows the cumulative power of large-scale PV farm projects in the given power ranges. Among large solar projects, the largest part are projects of large solar power plants - above 50 MW. Most projects in this power area obtained connection conditions in 2020 and in the first quarter of 2021. In 2020, the conditions for connection to the grid were obtained by 10 projects with a total power of 1 GW, while in the first quarter of 2021 the conditions were obtained by 3 projects with a total power of approximately 615 MW.
PV industry and technology supply chain to the market
Figure 5 Structure of sales of modules on the domestic market in recent years, compiled by IEO, based on the PV market research conducted by IEO in 2018-2021.
This year's market research showed that monocrystalline modules absolutely dominated the market. It turns out that polycrystalline modules constitute only 2% of the modules introduced to the market by the surveyed sellers. The high share of monocrystalline modules in the market is in line with the trend that was observed in last year's study, when the share of monocrystalline was 80%. However, the almost 100% domination of this type of modules is a surprise. This is due to the fact that in 2017 and 2018 the situation was completely different and it was polycrystalline modules that covered most of the market. The change in the structure of the domestic market of sold modules took place in just 3 years
The PV market is not only the sale of installations to end users, but the entire supply chain generating added value for the economy. According to IEO analyses in photovoltaics, in 2020 the number of full-time employees in the industry could reach even 14.5 thousand while the number of people temporarily working in other forms of employment in photovoltaics may reach 21,000. It is a total of 35.5 thousand jobs in the domestic photovoltaic sector. Employees from the photovoltaic industry constitute a significant group of stakeholders who care about the development of the sector. This opens opportunities for the government and/or the regulator to dialogue with the industry and reach an agreement on the development of directions and support for the development of the entire photovoltaic sector in Poland.
Click on image to look into PV Market Report in Poland 2021
Cumulated power installed in photovoltaics in Poland
According to the data of Polskie Sieci Elektroenergetyczne (PSE), the installed power in photovoltaics at the end of 2020 was 3,935.74 MW. This means an increase of 2,463 MW year on year. That is, the installed power in photovoltaics increased by 200% during the year. The market structure remains unchanged - 75% are micro-installations, and PV farms 21%. However, according to IEO forecasts, a change in the market structure will start from this year and solar farms will constitute an increasing percentage of the total installed power.